A key focus of ICARDA’s efforts to strengthen resilience are integrated crop-livestock production systems which help farmers cope with a changing situation, cushion each sector from external pressure, and optimize economic, social, and environmental conditions in resource-poor areas. We also optimize plant biomass for restoring soil health and livestock feed.
Cactus – an affordable and sustainable feed alternative
Cactus is one of the best candidates to mitigate the effects of drought and sustain livestock production in dry areas. Cactus plants have high levels of energy, water and mucilage, combined with high palatability and digestibility to ensure healthy and fertile reproduction.
Preserving ‘badia’ ecosystems with rainwater harvesting
In Jordan, we developed micro-water harvesting techniques by merging GPS-based guidance system with the Vallerani plow machine, ensuring the preservation of Badia ecosystems. Our Vallerani rainwater-harvesting package has been implemented on about 3,900 hectares of rangeland in Jordan so far, and analysis suggests a total area of 2.7 million hectares in Jordan has the potential for adopting this package. Additionally, it could be scaled up to an area of 300 million hectares in West Asian and North African countries.
Resilient livestock for a changing climate
A recent ICARDA analysis took a promising step towards mining the genetic potential of adaptable indigenous livestock - to provide a foundation to breed appropriate small ruminant genetic resources to mitigate against food insecurity and instability in increasingly volatile climate events.
Climate-resilient shrubs to aid rangeland rehabilitation
ICARDA promotes drought-tolerant species as a crucial means of assisting rangeland rehabilitation efforts - helping to conserve rapidly-depleting water resources and maintain grazing at sustainable levels. The result: a win-win situation for rural communities and the environment.