Soil erosion, salinity and an absence of vegetative cover are early-warning signs of land degradation in dry areas (otherwise known as desertification). IWLM develops and disseminates practical, low-cost options to protect soil and water resources in dry areas.
However, many of the developed technologies are difficult to disseminate in the field due to technical, socioeconomic and policy constraints. Farmers are the most valued partners of our land resources research agenda. Farming communities actively participate at all stages, from the planning of experiments to testing and disseminating the results.
The key focus is on:
- Combating land degradation and contributing to the mitigation of, and adaptation to, climate change through sustainable management and utilization of natural resources in cropland and rangeland
- Development of holistic approaches to improved land management to combat degradation (loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, salinization, alkalinization and waterlogging)
- Development of "Best-bet" technologies and practices developed for sustainable management of land, biodiversity and rangeland resources, including community-based land management practices
- Adapting and out-scaling of modern research tools based on watershed modeling and management.
Current and recent projects include:
- Water Benchmarks of WANA phase 2 project
- Water and Livelihood Initiative project
- Water harvesting and irrigation management in Libya project
- Greywater regional project
- Water harvesting in Syria project
- FoodWadi-Watershed in Pakistan project
- SWUP-MED project
- Soil erosion and conservation in hilly olive orchards project